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Our Land

Five rivers – Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej

Major Events In Punjabi History
Aryan Migrations (516 BC — 321 AD)
Persian Rule (516 BC — 321 AD)
Alexander’s Invasion (321 AD)
Muslim Invasions (713 AD — 1300 AD)
The Rise of Sikh Power (1700 AD — 1849 AD)

Geography
Find Punjab on the globe at 29’30’’ N to 32’32’’ N latitude and 73’55 E to 76’50 E longitude. Punjab lies between the Indus and the Ganges rivers. Most of the state is an alluvial plain irrigated by canals. Punjab’s arid southern border edges on the Thar or Great Indian Desert. The Siwalik Range rises sharply in the north of the state. The average temperature in January is 13° C (55° F), although at night the temperature sometimes lowers to freezing point. In June, the average temperature is 34° C (93° F), occasionally rising as high as 45° C (113° F). Annual average rainfall in Punjab ranges from 1250 mm (49 in) in the north to 350 mm (14 in) in the southwest. More than 70 percent of the annual rainfall occurs during the monsoon season i.e., from July to September.

Climate
Climatically the state has three major seasons – summer, winter and rainy season.

Historical Overview
The word “Punjab” for the first time was mentioned in the Book “Tarikh-e-Sher Shah” (1580) which mentions the construction of Fort by a fellow named “Sher Khan of Punjab”. Again the name is mentioned in “Ain-e-Akbari” part 1 written by Abul Fazal who also mentions that the territory of Punjab was divided into two provinces of Lahore and Multan. Similarly in the second volume of “Aeen-e-Akbari” title of a chapter contains the word “Punjab” in it. Also the Mughal King Jahangir mentions the word “Punjab” on page 183 of his book “Tuzk-i-Janhageer

Location
Situated in the north-west of India, Punjab is bordered by Pakistan on the west, the Indian states of Jammu & Kashmir on the north, Himachal Pradesh on it’s nort-east and Haryana and Rajasthan on it’s south.

State Animal
Black Buck – Locally called kala hiran, the Black Buck is a graceful antelope blessed with a striking colour and spiraled horns. The fawn’s coat is yellowish but it becomes turns black at maturity. It is found in the plains and avoid forests and hilly tracks.

State Bird
Baz (Eastern Goshawk)

State Tree
Shisham

Area
50362 square kilometers (Punjab occupies 1.54 % of the country’s total geographical area).

Capital
Chandigarh (population: 642,0000)

Population
27.98 million (2012)

Amritsar, literally a Pool of Nectar, derives its name from Amrit Sarovar, the holy tank that surrounds the fabulous Golden Temple. First time visitors to Amritsar could be forgiven for the impression that Amritsar is like any other small town in northern India.
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Population: 30,96,077
Area: 5096 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 0183 – 2227779, 2571852
Tehsils: Amritsar-1, Amritsar-II, Ajnala, Baba Bakala
Sub-Tehsils: Attari, Lopoke, Majitha, Ramdas, Tarsika.
Parliament: Amritsar
Constituency: Taran Taran
Official Website: http://www.amritsar.nic.in
Vehicle Reg No: PB-02

Ludhiana city was founded in the time of Lodhi dynasty which ruled in Delhi from 1451-1526 A.D. The legend goes that two Lodhi Chief Yusaf Khan and Nihand Khan were deputed by Sikandar Lodhi (1489-1517 A.D.) to restore order in this region.
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Population: 30,32,831.
Area: 3767 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 0161 – 2406055, 2409055
Tehsils: Ludhiana East, Ludhiana West, Jagraon, Samrala, Khanna, Payal, Raikot.
Sub-Tehsils: Dehlon, Koom Kalan, Machhiwara, Maloud, Mullanpur, Sidhwan Bet.
Parliament: Ludhiana
Constituency: Ludhiana
Official Website: http://www.ludhiana.nic.in/
Vehicle Reg No: PB-10

The district of Rupnagar is named after its district headquarters, the town of Rupnagar. Formerly known as Ropar, the town of Rupnagar is said to have been founded by a Raja called Rokeshar, who ruled during the 11th century and named it after his son Rup Sen. The town is of considerable antiquity…
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Population: 11,16,108.
Area: 2055 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 01881 – 220946, 220120
Tehsils: Anandpur Sahib, Chamkaur Sahib, Nangal, Rup Nagar.
Sub-Tehsils: Morinda, Nurpur Bedi..
Parliament: Anandpur Sahib
Constituency: Anandpur Sahib
Official Website: http://www.rupnagar.nic.in/
Vehicle Reg No: PB-12

Gurdaspur was founded by Guriya Ji in the beginning of 17th century. On his name, this city was named as Gurdaspur. He bought land for Gurdaspur from Jats of Sangi Gotra. It is also established that some people used to live in huts in the old city.
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Population: 21,04,011
Area: 3564 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 01874 – 230513, 230908
Tehsils: Dera Baba Nanak, Dhar Kalan, Gurdaspur, Pathankot.
Sub-Tehsils: Bamyal, Dhariwal, Dina Nagar, Fatehgarh Churian, Kahnuwan, Kalanaur, Narot Jaimal Singh, Naushehra Majha Singh, Qadian, Sri Hargobindpur.
Parliament: Gurdaspur
Constituency: Gurdaspur
Official Website: http://www.gurdaspur.nic.in/
Vehicle Reg No: PB-06

The Firozpur District lies between latitude 29-55′ and 31-09′ and between longitude 73-53 and 75-24′. Before 15 August 1973, this district was the southernmost of the seven districts of the Jalandhar Division of the Punjab State. On that date, the new Ferozpur Division was formed and the Ferozpur District was included in it…
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Population: 17,46,107.
Area: 5303 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 01632 – 244049, 244030
Tehsils: Abohar, Fazilka, Jalalabad, Ferozepur, Zira.
Sub-Tehsils: Arniwala Sheikh Subhan, Guru Harsahai, Khuian Sarwar, Makhu, Marndot, Sito Guno, Talwandi Bhai.
Parliament: Ferozepur
Constituency: Ferozepur
Official Website: http://www.ferozepur.nic.in
Vehicle Reg No: PB-05

There are two versions about the foundation of Hoshiarpur town from which the district derives its name. It was founded, according to tradition, during the early part of the 4th century by Hargobind and Ram Chand, Diwans of Muhammad Bin Tughlak (A.D. 1325-1351).the second version ascribes the foundation of the town to one Hoshiar Khan, a resident of Bajwara (a suburb village of Hoshiarpur)…
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Population: 14,78,045.
Area: 3365 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 01882 – 220501, 247501-03
Tehsils: Hoshiarpur, Dasuya, Mukerian, Garhshankar.
Sub-Tehsils: Bhunga, Garhdiwala, Talwara, Tanda
Parliament: Hoshiarpur
Constituency: Hoshiarpur
Official Website: http://www.hoshiarpur.nic.in
Vehicle Reg No: PB-07

Moga, famous for world renowned Nestle, is the 17th District drawn on the map of Punjab State on 24th day of November 1995. Before this, Moga was a part of Faridkot District. Moga town, the headquarter of the District, is situated on the Ferozpur-Ludhiana road. The area of Dharamkot block with 150 villages has been emerged in Moga district,..
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Population: 8,86,313.
Area: 2209 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 01636 – 236600, 225402
Tehsils: Bagha Purana, Moga, Nihal Singh Wala.
Sub-Tehsils: Badhni Kalan, Dharamkot.
Parliament: Moga
Constituency: Baghapurana, Dharamkot, Moga, Nihal Singh Wala.
Official Website: http://www.moga.nic.in
Vehicle Reg No: PB-29

Kapurthala is a city in Punjab state of India. It is the administrative headquarters of Kapurthala District. It is said that this town has been founded in the early part of the eleventh century in the time of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni by Rana Kapur, a scion of the ruling Rajput house of Jaisalmer (Rajasthan). It was the former capital of princely state of British India of the same name.
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Population: 7,54,521.
Area: 1632 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 01822 – 233736, 233775
Tehsils: Bhulath, Kapurthala, Phagwara, Sultanpur Lodhi.
Sub-Tehsils: Dhilwan.
Parliament: Kapurthala
Constituency: Bhulath, Kapurthala, Phagwara, Sultanpur.
Official Website: http://www.kapurthala.nic.in
Vehicle Reg No: PB-09

Fatehgarh Sahib district is one of the twenty districts in the state of Punjab in Northwest India. The historic and pious District of Fatehgarh Sahib came into existence with effect from 13th April 1992, Baisakhi Day deriving its name from Sahibzada Fateh Singh, the youngest son of Guru Gobind Singh.
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Population: 5,38,041.
Area: 1180 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 01763 – 232226, 220090
Tehsils: Amloh, Bassi Pathana, Fatehgarh Sahib, Khamanon.
Sub-Tehsils: Mandi Gobindgarh
Parliament: Fatehgarh Sahib
Constituency: Amloh, Sirhind
Official Website: http://fatehgarhsahib.nic.in
Vehicle Reg No: PB-23

Barnala is a city in the heart of the Indian state of Punjab, India. It was formerly located in the district Sangrur and now is the capital of the latest district of the state.Baba Ala Singh, the founder of Patiala State, occupied it in 1722 when it was a small… more…
Population: 1685449
Area: 5021 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 0167 – 23931107, 23933218
Tehsils: Dhanaula, Dirba, Khanauri, Lehra, Longowal, Sherpur, Tapa
Sub-Tehsils: Barnala, Dhuri, Malerkotla, Moonak, Sangrur, Sunam, Ahmedgarh, Amargarh, Bhadaur
Parliament: Sangrur
Constituency: Barnala
Official Website: http://barnala.nic.in
Vehicle Reg No: PB-19

Jalandhar, previously known as Jullundur, is an ancient city in Jalandhar District in the state of Punjab, India. It was the capital of Trigarttas (people living in the “land between three rivers”: Ravi, Beas and Sutlej) in the times of Mahabharata war.
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Population: 19,62,700.
Area: 2,632 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 0181 – 2226497, 2452444-45
Tehsils: Jalandhar-1, Jalandhar-2, Nakodar, Phillaur, Shahpur.
Sub-Tehsils: Adampur, Bhogpur, Goraya, Kartarpur, Nurmahal.
Parliament: Jalandhar, Phillaur.
Constituency: Phillaur
Official Website: http://www.jalandhar.nic.in
Vehicle Reg No: PB-08

Patiala District is one of the famous princely cities of erstwhile Punjab. Forming the south-eastern part of the state, it lies between 29°49′ and 30°47′ north latitude, 75°58′ and 76°54′ east longitude. It is the administrative headquarters
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Population: 18,44,934.
Area: 3625 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 0175 – 2212084, 2214411
Tehsils: Dera Bassi, Nabha, Patiala, Rajpura, Samana
Sub-Tehsils: Bhadson, Dudhan Sadhan, Ghanaur, Patran
Parliament: Patiala
Constituency: Patiala
Official Website: http://www.patiala.nic.in
Vehicle Reg No: PB-11

S.A.S. Nagar Mohali, adjacent to Chandigarh has been carved out of areas falling in Ropar and Patiala District as 18th District of Punjab on 14th April 2006. The city of Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar, popularly known as S A S Nagar was officially named after the eldest son of 10th Guru…
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Population: 6,98,317
Area: 1092.64 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 0160 – 5044524
Tehsils: Kharar or Mundi Kharar, Zirakpur, Banur, Daon, Dhakoli, Mohali, Sohana
Sub-Tehsils: Kurali, Morinda, Mattaur, Tewar (Tiaur)
Parliament: Mohali
Constituency: Mohali
Official Website: http://www.sasnagar.gov.in
Vehicle Reg No: PB-65

Tarn Taran Sahib is a city with population of more than 100,000 and is situated near Amritsar, in the state of Punjab, India. It sends one elected representative to Lok Sabha (the Indian parliament) and one member to the State Legislative Assembly.
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Population: 55,587
Area: N/A
Police Office: 01852 – 226300, 226500
Tehsils: Tarn Taran, Khadur Sahib, Patti
Sub-Tehsils: N/A
Parliament: Tarn Taran Sahib
Constituency: Tarn Taran Sahib
Official Website: N/A
Vehicle Reg No: PB-46

The fort and town of Faridkot, about 40 km south of the Indo-Pak border, was founded about 800 years ago by Raja Mokulsi, who named it Mokulhar. Some years later, when the great Sufi saint Sheikh Baba Farid visited it, its name was changed to Faridkot. For many years Faridkot was constantly subjected to raids by rival…
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Population: 5,52,466.
Area: 1475.70 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 01639 – 252000, 252052
Tehsils: Faridkot, Jaito
Sub-Tehsils: Kotkapura
Parliament: Faridkot
Constituency: Faridkot
Official Website: http://www.faridkot.nic.in
Vehicle Reg No: PB-04

Bathinda District is situated in the Southern part of Punjab State in the heart of Malwa region. It forms part of newly created division Faridkot Revenue Commissioner’s Division and is situated between 29o-33´ & 30o-36´ North latitude and 74o-38´ and 75o-46´ East longitude. The district is surrounded with Sirsa and Fatehabad of Haryana State in the south, Sangrur and Mansa district…
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Population: 11,83,295.
Area: 3385 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 0164 – 2219100, 2219101
Tehsils: Bathinda, Rampura Phul, Talwandi Sabo.
Sub-Tehsils: Bhagta Bahika, Sangat.
Parliament: Talwandi Sabo, Pakka Kalan, Bathinda, Nathana, Rampura Phul
Constituency: Bathinda
Official Website: http://www.bathinda.nic.in/
Vehicle Reg No: PB-03

The town of Sangrur is said to have been founded by one Sanghu, a jat, about 400 years ago and named after him. Formerly, a small village of mud houses, it was chosen as his capital in 1827 by Raja Sangat Singh, as it was close to Patiala and Nabha, the headquaters of the other two Phulkian States. After the fall of Sirhind in A.D. 1763 when the Sikhs defeated Zain Khan
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Population: 20,00,173.
Area: 5020 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 01672 – 230178, 230205
Tehsils: Sangrur, Sunam, Malerkotla, Barnala, Moonak
Sub-Tehsils: Ahmedgarh, Amargarh, Bhadaur, Bhawanigarh, Dhanaula, Dirba, Khanauri, Lehra, Longowal, Sherpur, Tapa
Parliament: Sangrur
Constituency: Bhadaur, Dhanaula, Dhuri, Dirba, Lehra, Malerkotla, Sangrur, Sherpur, Sunam
Official Website: http://www.sangrur.nic.in
Vehicle Reg No: PB-13

Mansa district was formed on 13th April 1992 from the erstwhile district of Bathinda. Mansa District is one of the smallest districts in terms of Population area in the State. It ranked twelfth in terms of area in the State. The population is Punjabi-speaking and is wedded to the culture of the Malwa belt of Punjab. It is one of the southern districts of the Punjab State and lies ..
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Population: 6,88,630
Area: 2171 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 01652 – 229010, 226010
Tehsils: Budhlada, Mansa, Sardulgarh
Sub-Tehsils: Mansa, Bhikni, Budhlada, Sardulgarh, Jhunir
Parliament: Mansa
Constituency: Budhlada, Joga, Mansa, Sardulgarh
Official Website: http://www.mansa.nic.in
Vehicle Reg No: PB-31

Situated at a distance of 45 kms from Faridkot, Muktsar District is located in South Western Zone of Punjab. It lies between 30? 69′ and 29? 87′ latitude and 74? 21′ and 74? 86′ longitude. It is bounded by States of Rajasthan and Haryana in the South, district Faridkot in North, Firozpur in West and..
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Population: 7, 77,493
Area: 2615 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 01633 – 263809, 263810
Tehsils: Giddarbaha, Malout, Muktsar
Sub-Tehsils: Bariwala, Doda, Lakhewali, Lambi
Parliament: Muktsar
Constituency: Giddarbaha, Lambi, Malout, Muktsar
Official Website: http://www.muktsar.nic.in
Vehicle Reg No: PB-30

Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar ( Nawanshahr) district was carved out of Hoshiarpur and Jalandhar districts of Punjab in November 7, 1995 on the auspicious occasion of birthday of Sh. Guru Nanak Dev Ji as the sixteenth district of Punjab State.more…
Population: 5, 38,041.
Area: 1258 (in Sq. Km.)
Police Office: 01823 – 221023, 226039
Tehsils: Balachaur, Nawan Shehar
Sub-Tehsils: Banga
Parliament: Nawan Shehar
Constituency: Balachaur, Banga, Nawan Sahar
Official Website: http://nawanshahr.nic.in/
Vehicle Reg No: PB-32

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